Nodal Flexible-surface Semimetals: Case of Carbon Nanotube Networks

SZ Chen and SW Li and YP Chen and WH Duan, NANO LETTERS, 20, 5400-5407 (2020).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c01786

Nodal surface-based topological semimetals (TSMs) are drawing attention due to their unique excitation and plasmon behaviors. However, only nodal flat-surface and nodal sphere TSMs are theoretically proposed due to strict symmetry requirements. Here, we propose that a series of surface-based topological phases can be realized in a tight-binding (TB) model with sublattice symmetry. These topological phases, named as nodal flexible-surface semimetals, include not only nodal surface and nodal sphere TSMs but also novel phases, like nodal tube, nodal crossbar, and nodal hourglass-like surface TSMs. According to the TB model, a family of carbon nanotube networks are then identified as nodal flexible- surface TSMs by first-principles calculations, and the topological phase transitions between these TSMs can be induced by strains. Moreover, the nodal flexible-surface TSMs with intrinsic high density of states at the Fermi level and special drumhead surface states are promising for studying high-temperature superconductors and strong correlation effects.

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