Effective temperatures in inhomogeneous passive and active bidimensional Brownian particle systems

I Petrelli and LF Cugliandolo and G Gonnella and A Suma, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 102, 012609 (2020).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.102.012609

We study the stationary dynamics of an active interacting Brownian particle system. We measure the violations of the fluctuation dissipation theorem, and the corresponding effective temperature, in a locally resolved way. Quite naturally, in the homogeneous phases the diffusive properties and effective temperature are also homogeneous. Instead, in the inhomogeneous phases (close to equilibrium and within the MIPS sector) the particles can be separated in two groups with different diffusion properties and effective temperatures. Notably, at fixed activity strength the effective temperatures in the two phases remain distinct and approximately constant within the MIPS region, with values corresponding to the ones of the whole system at the boundaries of this sector of the phase diagram. We complement the study of the globally averaged properties with the theoretical and numerical characterization of the fluctuation distributions of the single-particle diffusion, linear response, and effective temperature in the homogeneous and inhomogeneous phases. We also distinguish the behavior of the (time- delayed) effective temperature from the (instantaneous) kinetic temperature, showing that the former is independent of the friction coefficient.

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