Thermodynamics, dynamics, and structure of supercritical water at extreme conditions

TJ Yoon and LA Patel and TH Ju and MJ Vigil and AT Findikoglu and RP Currier and KA Maerzke, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 22, 16051-16062 (2020).

DOI: 10.1039/d0cp02288h

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to understand the thermodynamic, dynamic, and structural changes in supercritical water across the Frenkel line and the melting line have been performed. The two-phase thermodynamic model J. Phys. Chem. B, 2010,114(24), 8191-8198 and the velocity autocorrelation functions are used to locate the Frenkel line and to calculate the thermodynamic and dynamic properties. The Frenkel lines obtained from the two-phase thermodynamic model and the velocity autocorrelation criterion do not agree with each other. Structural characteristics and the translational diffusion dynamics of water suggest that this inconsistency could arise from the two oscillatory modes in water, which are associated with the bending of hydrogen bonds and intermolecular collisions inside the first coordination shell. The overall results lead us to conclude that the universality of the Frenkel line as a dynamic crossover line from rigid to nonrigid fluids is preserved in water.

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