The strain-induced martensitic phase transformation of Fe-C alloys considering C addition: A molecular dynamics study

Y Jiao and WJ Dan and WG Zhang, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 35, 1803-1816 (2020).

DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2020.154

This study investigates the effect of C on the deformation mechanisms in Fe-C alloys by molecular dynamics simulations. In uniaxial tensile simulations, the face-centered-cubic (fcc) structures of Fe-C alloys undergo the following deformation processes: (i) fcc -> body-centered- cubic (bcc) martensitic transformation, (ii) deformation of bcc phase, and (iii) bcc -> hcp martensitic transformation, which are significantly influenced by the C concentration. For the low C concentrations (0-0.8 wt%) fcc phase, the fcc -> bcc phase transformation accords a two-stage shear transformation mechanism based on the Bain model, the deformation mechanism of the bcc phase is the first migration of twinning structures and then elastic deformation, and the bcc -> hcp phase transformation follows Burgers relations resulting from the shear of the bcc close- packed layers. However, for the fcc phase with high C concentrations (1.0-2.0 wt%), the fcc -> bcc phase transformation follows a localized Bain transformation mechanism impeded by the C atoms, the bcc phase only experiences elastic deformation, and the bcc -> hcp phase transformation also conforms to Burgers relations but become localized due to the addition of more C atoms. Because of the different phase transformation mechanisms between the high C and low C supercells, the dislocation generation mechanism is also different.

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