Intrinsic-strain-induced curling of free-standing two-dimensional Janus MoSSe quantum dots

H Ye and YZ Zhang and AR Wei and DL Han and YM Liu and WJ Liu and YF Yin and MC Wang, APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 519, 146251 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.146251

Motivated by the fascinating properties of both two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide quantum dots (TMD QDs) and Janus TMD monolayers, we theoretically explore the equilibrium structures of free- standing Janus MoSSe QDs in which atomic asymmetry of chalcogen is introduced. Two distinct types of spontaneous curling are observed by molecular dynamics simulations, and the curling behavior depends on the size of QD. The bowl-like (tube-like) curling occurs in relatively small (large) MoSSe QDs with different shapes (hexagon and triangle) and edge types (zigzag and armchair). The transition between these two curling types occurs at the sizes of around 10 nm and 13 nm for hexagonal and triangular shapes, respectively. By applying equivalent misfit strains into two adjacent sublayers, finite element analysis reproduces similar curling behavior. This confirms the relaxation of intrinsic strain in Janus structure acting as the predominant driving force of spontaneous curling. In addition, the curvatures of Janus TMD QDs increase from MoSSe to MoSeTe to MoSTe, indicating the positive correlation between the curling and misfit.

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