Machine Learning Enabled Prediction of Stacking Fault Energies in Concentrated Alloys

G Arora and DS Aidhy, METALS, 10, 1072 (2020).

DOI: 10.3390/met10081072

Recent works have revealed a unique combination of high strength and high ductility in certain compositions of high-entropy alloys (HEAs), which is attributed to the low stacking fault energy (SFE). While atomistic calculations have been successful in predicting the SFE of pure metals, large variations up to 200 mJ/m(2)have been observed in HEAs. One of the leading causes of such variations is the limited number of atoms that can be modeled in atomistic calculations; as a result, due to random distribution of elements in HEAs, various nearest neighbor environments may not be adequately captured in small supercells resulting in different SFE values. Such variation further increases with the increase in the number of elements in a given composition. In this work, we use machine learning to overcome the limitation of smaller system sizes and provide a methodology to significantly reduce the variation and uncertainty in predicting SFEs. We show that the SFE can be accurately predicted across the composition ranges in binary alloys. This capability then enables us to predict the SFE of multi-elemental alloys by training the model using only binary alloys. Consequently, SFEs of complex alloys can be predicted using a binary alloys database, and the need to perform calculations for every new composition can be circumvented.

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