Flow heterogeneities in supercooled liquids and glasses under shear

M Golkia and GP Shrivastav and P Chaudhuri and J Horbach, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 102, 023002 (2020).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.102.023002

Using extensive nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate a glass-forming binary Lennard-Jones mixture under shear. Both supercooled liquids and glasses are considered. Our focus is on the characterization of inhomogeneous flow patterns such as shear bands that appear as a transient response to the external shear. For the supercooled liquids, we analyze the crossover from Newtonian to non- Newtonian behavior with increasing shear rate (gamma) over dot. Above a critical shear rate (gamma) over dot(c) where a non-Newtonian response sets in, the transient dynamics are associated with the occurrence of short-lived vertical shear bands, i.e., bands of high mobility that form perpendicular to the flow direction. In the glass states, long-lived horizontal shear bands, i.e., bands of high mobility parallel to the flow direction, are observed in addition to vertical ones. The systems with shear bands are characterized in terms of mobility maps, stress- strain relations, mean-squared displacements, and (local) potential energies. The initial formation of a horizontal shear band provides an efficient stress release, corresponds to a local minimum of the potential energy, and is followed by a slow broadening of the band towards the homogeneously flowing fluid in the steady state. Whether a horizontal or a vertical shear band forms cannot be predicted from the initial undeformed sample. Furthermore, we show that with increasing system size, the probability for the occurrence of horizontal shear bands increases.

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