Unexpected hydroxide ion structure and properties at low hydration

I Zadok and H Long and B Pivovar and A Roznowska and A Michalak and DR Dekel and S Srebnik, JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, 313, 113485 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2020.113485

Understanding the behavior of hydroxide ions in aqueous and non-aqueous media is fundamental to many chemical, biological, and electrochemical processes. Research has primarily focused on a single fully solvated hydroxide ion, either as an isolated cluster or in bulk. This work presents the first computational study to consider hydroxide under low hydration levels in detail, where the anion may not be fully solvated. Under such conditions, we find that the anions are predominantly present as unique water-bridged hydroxide pair complexes, distinct from previously reported structures under fully hydrated conditions. Although similar hydroxide pair structures were previously reported, we analyze these structures for the first time in the disordered liquid state where they are found to be unusually stable in the presence of bulky quatemary ammonium cations. Our findings help explain the unusual diffusion behavior as well as the higher reactivity of hydroxide anions observed under low hydration conditions. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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