Compression behavior of microcrystalline cellulose spheres: Single particle compression and confined bulk compression across regimes

MA Cooper and MS Oliver and DC Bufford and BC White and JB Lechman, POWDER TECHNOLOGY, 374, 10-21 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2020.06.089

Particle characteristics can drastically influence the process- structure-property-performance aspects of granular materials in compression. We aim to computationally simulate the mechanical processes of stress redistribution in compacts including the kinematics of particle rearrangement during densification and particle deformation leading to fragmentation. Confined compression experiments are conducted with three sets of commercial microcrystalline cellulose particles nearly spherical in shape with different mean particle size. Experimentally measured compression curves from tall powder columns are fitted with the Kenkre et al. (J. of American Chemical Society, Vol. 79, No. 12) model. This model provides a basis to derive several common two- parameter literature models and as a framework to incorporate statistical representations of critical particle behaviors. We focus on the low-stress compression data and the model comparisons typically not discussed in the literature. Additional single particle compressions report fracture strength with particle size for comparison to the apparent particle strength extracted from bulk compression data. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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