Alkamides and Piperamides as Potential Antivirals against the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)

JM Gutierrez-Villagomez and T Campos-Garcia and J Molina-Torres and MG Lopez and J Vazquez-Martinez, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 11, 8008-8016 (2020).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c01685

The pandemic caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has quickly spread globally, infecting millions and killing hundreds of thousands of people. Herein, to identify potential antiviral agents, 97 natural amide-like compounds known as alkamides and piperamides were tested against SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro) and RNA- dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), and the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) using molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. The docking results showed that alkamides and dimeric piperamides from Piper species have a high binding affinity and potential antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2. The absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) profile and Lipinski's rule of five showed that dimeric piperamides have druglikeness potential. The molecular dynamics results showed that pipercyclobutanamide B forms a complex with Mpro at a similar level of stability than N3-I. Our overall results indicate that alkamides and piperamides, and specifically pipercyclobutanamide B, should be further studied as compounds with SARS-CoV-2 antiviral properties.

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