Influence of gas aggregation on water-solid interface: molecular simulation

TH Yen, MOLECULAR SIMULATION, 46, 1373-1382 (2020).

DOI: 10.1080/08927022.2020.1828881

In this study, we conducted a series of molecular dynamics simulations of gas accumulation on homogeneous graphite substrates with a focus on the structure of fluid in the region near the substrate. The fluid density distribution revealed that epitaxial layers and gas enrichment layer arise from the adsorption of fluid particles on solids. Our analysis suggests that interfacial gas molecules transform into a liquid-like state and water molecules tend to cluster within the thin region adjacent to the substrate as the strength of gas-solid interaction increases. We then calculated the argon-water interfacial tension using three different methods: the Young-Laplace equation, direct integration method, and force balance method. Our analysis suggests that higher pressure within the gaseous domain tends to reduce tension at the curved argon-water interface. Although widely adopted to describe tension at gas-liquid interfaces, our results indicate that Bakker's equation is not necessarily suitable for the calculation of tension at fluid-solid interfaces. Our results indicate that fluid-solid interfacial properties and the morphology of the gaseous domain are influenced by the liquid-like epitaxial gas layer and gas enrichment layer, which could be attributed to the highly energetic nature of gas molecules and the tendency of gasses to adsorb on solids.

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