Self-assembly of nano-scroll/nano-helix from a diamondene nanoribbon with one passivated surface

L Wang and K Cai and J Shi and QH Qin, APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 527, 146848 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.146848

To obtain a diamondene nano-wafer from piled graphene layers, external surfaces often need to be passivated before compressing for reducing the required extremely high pressure. When only one of the two surfaces of a diamondene ribbon is hydrogenated, the two-dimensional material curves naturally due to asymmetric layout of C-H bonds on both surfaces. Based on this property, we proposed a concept of nano-scroll or nano-helix self assembled from one-side hydrogenated diamondene ribbon with narrow width. Results from molecular dynamics simulation demonstrate that a minimal length of the ribbon exists, which can form a ring (one-round scroll). When L = 100 nm, the stable configuration of a relaxed ribbon depends on its fixation setting during relaxation and can be nano-scroll or heart-shaped scroll. In general, a nano-scroll with more rounds can be fabricated from a longer ribbon (L 100 nm) using proper fixation control. A ribbon with low slenderness ratio displays obvious bidirectional curling initially, but the final nano-scroll has nearly the same radius. Once preparing a ribbon along chiral direction, a chiral ribbon tends to form a nano-helix. The self-bending-induced nano- scroll or nano-helix can be used as a nano-balance spring in a dynamic device for energy storage or other applications.

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