Composition fluctuations in polydisperse liquids: Glasslike effects well above the glass transition

L Klochko and J Baschnagel and JP Wittmer and O Benzerara and C Ruscher and AN Semenov, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 102, 042611 (2020).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.102.042611

We study a two-dimensional glass-forming system of slightly polydisperse (LJ) particles using molecular dynamics simulations and demonstrate that in the liquid regime (well above the vitrification temperature) this model shows a number of features typical of the glass transition: (i) the relation between compressibility and structure factor S(q) is strongly violated; (ii) the dynamical structure factor S(q, t) at low q shows a two-step relaxation; (iii) the time-dependent heat capacity c(v) (t) shows a long-time power-law tail. We show that these phenomena can be rationalized with the idea of composition fluctuations and provide a quantitative theory for the effects (i) and (ii). It implies that such effects must be inherent in all polydisperse colloidal models, including binary LJ mixtures.

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