Transport behavior of pressure-driven electrolyte solution through a surface-charged nanochannel
GX Cao, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 31, 445404 (2020).
The transport behavior of a pressure-driven electrolyte solution through a surface-charged nanochannel is investigated using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Similar to pure water, the relationship between the applied pressure (P) and the average transport velocity (v) of the electrolyte solution is roughly linear, which matches with the theoretical solution very well. The friction coefficient. is used to describe the transport behavior (a higher lambda leads to a lower (v) over bar), which scales with the slope of the P-v relationship and increases with the increases of both the charge density of the channel wall s and the electrolyte concentration n. The physical mechanism is found as follows: the solid-liquid interaction energy between the channel wall and the liquid inside the channel decreases with both s and n (being more negative), which makes it more difficult for the liquid boundary layer to slide against the channel wall, leading to a higher lambda. In addition, the increase of sigma also causes a significant decrease of the liquid-liquid interaction energy but the opposite effect is found with the increase of n. However, lambda increases with the increase of both sigma and n, suggesting that the relationship between lambda and the liquid-liquid interaction energy is more complicated for an electrolyte solution, different from the corresponding result of pure water.
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