Interface kinetics of rapid solidification of binary alloys by atomistic simulations: Application to Ti-Ni alloys

S Kavousi and BR Novak and J Hoyt and D Moldovan, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 184, 109854 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2020.109854

Using molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations we investigate the non-equilibrium interfacial kinetics during rapid solidification of Ti- Ni alloys. According to the existing theories, the kinetic coefficient is related, via an analytical expression, to the equilibrium and non- equilibrium solute concentration profiles across the crystal -melt interface, the interface temperature and velocity, and the drag coefficient. The kinetic coefficient was obtained by deriving these properties from specifically designed atomistic simulations and then fitting using the analytical expression. The results show that the kinetic coefficient is only weakly anisotropic and increases with increasing temperature. The velocity-dependent partition coefficient, as described by two solute trapping models, the continuous growth and the local non-equilibrium models, were fitted to the molecular dynamics simulation results. In addition, molecular dynamics and semi-grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations suggest that complete solute trapping might occur only under certain conditions. This can be explained by the fact that the maximum achievable effective free energy driving force for solidification, which defines the complete solute trapping, is limited by the chemical potential and free energy profiles for the Ti-Ni alloy. The investigations, using molecular dynamics simulations, of the dependence of crystal-melt interface width on solidification ve-locity show, at high velocities, similar trend to that predicted by the hyperbolic phase field model which is suitable for studies of rapid solidification of alloys.

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