A deep learning approach for determining the chiral indices of carbon nanotubes from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images

GD Forster and A Castan and A Loiseau and J Nelayah and D Alloyeau and F Fossard and C Bichara and H Amara, CARBON, 169, 465-474 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2020.06.086

Chiral indices determine important properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Unfortunately, their determination from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images, the most accurate method for assigning chirality, is a tedious task. We develop a Convolutional Neural Network that automatizes this process. A large and realistic training data set of CNT images is obtained by means of atomistic computer simulations coupled with the multi-slice approach for image generation. In most cases, results of the automated assignment are in excellent agreement with manual classification, and the origin of failures is identified. The current approach, which combines HRTEM imaging and deep learning algorithms allows the analysis of a statistically significant number of HRTEM images of carbon nanotubes, paving the way for robust estimates of experimental chiral distributions. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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