Slip of low-angle tilt grain boundary (110) in FCC metals at perpendicular shear

EV Fomin and AE Mayer, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY, 134, 102843 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijplas.2020.102843

Grain boundaries (GBs) make a significant contribution into the kinetics of plastic deformation of both polycrystalline and nanocrystalline metals. Among others, motion of GBs is an important phenomenon, which has to be taken into account in the consideration of the thermo- mechanical response of poly- and nanocrystals. In this work, we study motion of low-angle tilt GBs and the accompanying relaxation of shear stresses in the case, when the shear is applied perpendicular to GB. Using the molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we consider bicrystals made of aluminum, copper and nickel as FCC metals with different stacking fault energies. MD data are used for construction and verification of a GB motion model, which is based on the previously proposed equation of motion of a solitary dislocation in a single crystal. Within this model, a low-angle tilt GB is presented as a wall of periodically located perfect edge dislocations. The main driving factors are the external shear stress and the local stress distribution due to the plastic relaxation in the trace of each dislocation creating an area of partially relaxed stresses behind the shifted GB. These factors define the average GB velocity during the main stage of motion, while dislocation-dislocation interactions between the walls and inside each wall define details of the motion, such as the curvature of GBs and their mutual acceleration at the late stage of interaction of two approaching opposite GBs.

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