Graphdiyne family-tunable solution to shock resistance

K Xia and HF Zhan and XJ Zhang and ZY Li, MATERIALS RESEARCH EXPRESS, 7, 115602 (2020).

DOI: 10.1088/2053-1591/abc771

The excellent mechanical properties of Graphdiyne (GDY) family has enabled it as an appealing candidate in the field of impact protection. In this in silico study, Monolayer GDY nanosheets of different morphology including GDY, GY-3, GY-4, GY-5 and GY-6 are assessed under hypervelocity impacts (from 1 to 6 km s(-1)). Tracking the deformation mechanisms under impacts as well as the Probability density function based on atomic Von Mises stress distribution, the length of acetylenic chain clearly alters ductile behavior as well as the energy dissipation/delocalization rate of GDY family during the impact. Results also suggest the penetration energy is not only determined by the energy delocalization rate but also sensitive to impact velocity for nanosheet with various acetylenic chain length. GY-5 with a much lower energy delocalization rate presents a close penetration energy comparing with GDY at a low impact at similar to 2.0 km s(-1), its superior ductility granted by long acetylenic chain not only dissipates kinetic energy of projectile via deformation, but also extends time for acceleration during the contact with projectile. Considering the impact resist performance of GDY family in terms of Specific penetration energy, GY-5 with the perfect balance between material density, ductility and Young's modulus makes it the superior anti-ballistic material for impact velocity at 5 km s(-1), it induces severer local deformation, and leaves no time for a well-developed distributed pattern as observed in a lower impact velocity scenario. As such, extensive elastic deformation of the nanosheet is not captured under impact, nanosheets with shorter acetylenic chains and hence greater material strength demonstrates superior impact resist. This study provides a fundamental understanding of the deformation and penetration mechanisms of monolayer GDY nanosheets under impact, which is crucial in order to facilitate their emerging applications for impact protection.

Return to Publications page