Solid-solid phase transition of tungsten induced by high pressure: A molecular dynamics simulation

XZ Deng and L Lang and YF Mo and KJ Dong and ZA Tian and WY Hu, TRANSACTIONS OF NONFERROUS METALS SOCIETY OF CHINA, 30, 2980-2993 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/S1003-6326(20)65436-X

The phase transition of tungsten (W) under high pressures was investigated with molecular dynamics simulation. The structure was characterized in terms of the pair distribution function and the largest standard cluster analysis (LSCA). It is found that under 40-100 GPa at a cooling rate of 0.1 K/ps a pure W melt first crystallizes into the body- centred cubic (BCC) crystal, and then transfers into the hexagonal close-packed (HCP) crystal through a series of BCC-HCP coexisting states. The dynamic factors may induce intermediate stages during the liquid-solid transition and the criss-cross grain boundaries cause lots of indistinguishable intermediate states, making the first-order BCC-HCP transition appear to be continuous. Furthermore, LSCA is shown to be a parameter-free method that can effectively analyze both ordered and disordered structures. Therefore, LSCA can detect more details about the evolution of the structure in such structure transition processes with rich intermediate structures.

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