Wettability behavior of nanodroplets on copper surfaces with hierarchical nanostructures

MY Zhang and LJ Ma and Q Wang and P Hao and X Zheng, COLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS, 604, 125291 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2020.125291

Wetting characteristics of nanodroplets on solid surfaces with nanostructures were investigated through molecular dynamics simulations. The effects of the primary groove width and the surface characteristic energy on the surface wettability with hierarchical structures and nonhierarchical structures were studied. Furthermore, the wettability on different surface morphologies was compared systematically. It is found that hierarchical gecko pillars tend to exhibit better hydrophobicity than nonhierarchical pillars. However, the increase of surface characteristic energy and primary groove width can weaken the advantage of hierarchical structures. Moreover, the contact angles gained from simulation were compared with the theoretical prediction values. It is expected that this study may have potential guiding significance in designing surface hydrophobicity.

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