Probing deformation mechanisms of gradient nanostructured CrCoNi medium entropy alloy

J Li and L Li and C Jiang and QH Fang and F Liu and Y Liu and PK Liaw, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 57, 85-91 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmst.2020.03.064

The gradient nanostructured medium entropy alloys (MEAs) exhibit a good yielding strength and great plasticity. Here, the mechanical properties, microstructure, and strain gradient in the gradient nanostructured MEA CrCoNi are studied by atomic simulations. The strong gradient stress and strain always occur in the deformed gradient nanograined MEA CrCoNi. The origin of improving strength is attributed to the formation of the 9R phase, deformation twinning, as well as the fcc to hcp phase transformation, which prevent strain localization. A microstructure -based predictive model reveals that the lattice distortion dependent solid-solution strengthening and grain-boundary strengthening dominate the yield strength, and the dislocation strengthening governs the strain hardening. The present result provides a fundamental understanding of the gradient nanograined structure and plastic deformation in the gradient nanograined MEA, which gives insights for the design of MEAs with higher strengths. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The editorial office of Journal of Materials Science & Technology.

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