Deformation nanomechanics and dislocation quantification at the atomic scale in nanocrystalline magnesium

MS Hasan and R Lee and WW Xu, JOURNAL OF MAGNESIUM AND ALLOYS, 8, 1296-1303 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jma.2020.08.014

Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation method is employed to study the uniaxial tensile deformation of nanocrystalline magnesium (Mg) of varying grain size levels. The mean grain size of the sample is varied from 6.4nm to 45 nm, with each sample containing about 43 million atoms in the modeling system. The deformation nanomechanics reveals two distinct deformation mechanisms. For larger grain-sized samples, dislocation dominated deformation is observed while, in smaller grain- sized samples, grain boundary-based mechanisms such as grain boundary sliding, grain boundary rotation are observed. The transition of normal and inverse Hall-Petch relation occurs at around 10 nm. Dislocation density quantification shows that the dislocation density in the sample drastically reduces with decreasing grain size. Elastic modulus of nanocrystalline Mg with mean grain size above 20 nm remains comparable to that of the coarse-grained polycrystalline bulk, followed by a rapid reduction below that grain size. The present work reveals the nanomechanics of nanocrystalline Mg, facilitating the design and development of Mg-based nanostructured alloys with superior mechanical properties. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Chongqing University.

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