Effect of external electric field on hydrogen-related defect in amorphous silica

R Wang and G Li and N Yang and AM He and SQ Duan and WD Chu, MATERIALS TODAY COMMUNICATIONS, 25, 101631 (2020).

DOI: 10.1016/j.mtcomm.2020.101631

The effect of external electric field on the interaction between interstitial hydrogen atoms and defect-free amorphous silica (a-SiO2) is studied by means of the reactive force field (ReaxFF) molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and density functional theory (DFT) simulation. We investigate the effects of the hydrogen-atomhopping and the evolution of interstitial hydrogen atom in a-SiO2 on two kinds of hydrogen-related defect, hydroxyl E' center and SiO4/H(0) center. We find that electric field enhances hydrogen-atom-hopping and the generation of hydroxyl E' center, while does not have significant influence on the formation of SiO4/H(0) center. Moreover, hydroxyl E' center is more stable under electric field. We note that more unstrained Si-O bonds (shorter than 1.7 angstrom) become active in the reaction of the interstitial hydrogen atom with a-SiO2 under electric field. These effects of electric field on a-SiO2 lead to an increasing of the hydroxyl E' centers, which gives rise to the degradation in performance of microelectronic devices. These results provide a better understanding of the behaviors of hydrogen atoms and the generation mechanism of hydrogen-related defects in a-SiO2, especially under external high electric field.

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