Room temperature second sound in cumulene
C Melis and G Fugallo and L Colombo, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 23, 15275-15281 (2021).
Second sound is known as the thermal transport regime occurring in a wave-like fashion, usually identified in a limited number of materials only at cryogenic temperatures. Here we show that second sound in a mu m-long carbon chain (cumulene) might occur even at room temperature. To this aim, we calibrate a many-body force field on the first principles calculated phonon dispersion relations of cumulene and, through molecular dynamics, we mimic laser-induced transient thermal grating experiments. We provide evidence that by tuning temperature as well as the space modulation of its initial profile we can reversibly drive the system from a wave-like to a diffusive-like thermal transport. By following three different theoretical methodologies (molecular dynamics, the Maxwell-Cattaneo-Vernotte equation, and heat transport microscopic theory) we estimate for cumulene a second sound velocity in the range of 2.4-3.2 km s(-1).
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