Nonuniqueness of fluctuating momentum in coarse-grained systems

MR Parsa and C Kim and AJ Wagner, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 104, 015304 (2021).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.104.015304

Coarse-grained descriptions of microscopic systems often require a mesoscopic definition of momentum. The question arises as to the uniqueness of such a momentum definition at a particular coarse-graining scale. We show here that particularly the fluctuating properties of common definitions of momentum in coarse-grained methods like lattice gas and lattice Boltzmann do not agree with a fundamental definition of momentum. In the case of lattice gases, the definition of momentum will even disagree in the limit of large wavelength. For short times we derive analytical representations for the distribution of different momentum measures and thereby give a full account of these differences.

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