Density functional theory study of the mechanical behavior of silicene and development of a Tersoff interatomic potential model tailored for elastic behavior
S Yoo and B Lee and K Kang, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 32, 295702 (2021).
Silicene, a graphene-like 2D material made from Si atoms, has been fabricated and studied for its promising applications in micro/nanoelectronics. For the reliable function of silicene devices, it is important to investigate silicene's mechanical properties. In this study, the authors conducted density functional theory (DFT) simulations of mechanical tests of silicene and investigated the elastic modulus and mechanical response such as structural transformation. In addition, the authors optimized the Tersoff potential parameters using a gradient- based minimization with a grid search method in hyperdimensional parameter space, to match the DFT calculation results in the elastic regime. With the new parameter set, the elastic moduli of silicene in the zigzag (ZZ) and armchair (AC) directions were computed with molecular statics (MS) simulations and compared with those of other Si interatomic potential models and DFT results. In addition, uniaxial tensile tests along the ZZ and AC directions were performed to examine how far the Tersoff model is transferable with our new parameter set to describe the nonlinear mechanical behavior of silicene. The results of uniaxial tensile tests suggest that the angle penalty function in the Tersoff model needs to be modified and that the stress-strain curve predicted with this modification shows improvement compared to the original function.
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