Cold welding behavior of metallic glass nanowires: Insights from large- scale numerical simulations

YH Zhang and JJ Li and HJ Zhou and YQ Hu and SH Ding and R Xia, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 56, 15906-15920 (2021).

DOI: 10.1007/s10853-021-06336-9

Cold welding technique at room temperature is the preferred option in nano-assembly and nano-jointing. In this study, the cold welding behavior and mechanical strength of Cu50Zr50 metallic glass nanowires (MGNWs) in head-to-head contact are investigated by molecular dynamics simulation based on the embedded atom method potential. Effects of welding velocity, operating temperature, and size of nanowires are discussed with the consideration of stress, shear strain, atomic deformation processes, and weld quality. Our simulation results demonstrate that a desirable weld quality can be obtained at room temperature. With an increase in welding velocity, the shear deformation zones of the welded MGNWs increase, leading to a decrease in mechanical strength. However, the effect of temperature on the weld quality is not pronounced. Besides, the elongation ability of the welded MGNWs increases with increasing diameters of nanowires. Smaller diameter results in better weld quality due to the size effect of metallic glass. For a pair of MGNWs with different diameters, the necking and fracture of the welded MGNWs occur in the regions of the nanowire with a relatively smaller diameter. This study carries major implications for the fabrication and structural assembly of metallic glass-based nanomaterials. GRAPHICS .

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