On the texture and superstructure formation in Ti-TiAl3-Al MIL composites

YY Emurlaeva and IV Ivanov and DV Lazurenko and TS Ogneva and PW Chen and Q Zhou and AA Bataev and AA Ruktuev and S Tanaka and IA Bataev, INTERMETALLICS, 135, 107231 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.intermet.2021.107231

In recent decades, metal-intermetallic laminated (MIL) composites are of great interest to the scientific community. The intermetallic layers in such composites possess a strong crystallographic texture and can form various superstructures. However, these effects are rarely discussed in the literature. By application of synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD) we show, that an intermetallic layer in explosively welded and annealed Ti-Albased MIL composite consists of two modifications of titanium trialuminide: TiAl3 with a D022 structure and its superstructure Ti8Al24. According to SXRD analysis, the volume fraction of the Ti8Al24 modification increases from Al/intermetallic interface towards Ti/intermetallic interface. This may be caused by the lack of Al for the formation of stoichiometric titanium trialuminide near the interface with Ti, which leads to the formation of a long-period structures having Ti1+xAl3-x stoichiometry. Two types of fiber texture were formed in the titanium trialuminide layer: 001 near the Ti/intermetallic interface and 100 near the Al/intermetallic interface, which is caused by peculiarities of Ti and Al atoms migration. To explain the features of the forming texture, hypothetical mechanisms of Al and Ti diffusion in the intermetallic layer are discussed in this study: a vacancy diffusion, an interstitial diffusion, and a six jump vacancy cycle (6JVC).

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