Shear-strain induced structural relaxation of Cu Sigma 3 110(112) symmetric tilt grain boundary: The role of foreign atoms and temperature

Y Li and HT Xue and X Zhou and FL Tang and XY Li and JQ Ren and XF Lu, CURRENT APPLIED PHYSICS, 28, 19-25 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.cap.2021.04.024

Grain boundaries (GBs) relaxation is a promising and effective strategy to improving GB stability or stabilizing nanocrystalline metals. However, previous studies mainly focused on nanocrystalline pure metals and GB behaviors therein, without considering the role of foreign atoms such as impurity or alloying atoms in GB relaxation. In this work, the shear-strain induced structural relaxation of pure Cu Sigma 3 110(112) symmetric tilt GBs (STGBs), and the effects of foreign elements (Fe and Ni) and temperature on the GB relaxation were investigated in detail by molecular dynamics method. The results show that shear strain can trigger the structural relaxation of pure, Fe- and Ni-containing Cu GBs by the emission of Shockley partial dislocations from Cu GBs. Both Fe and Ni have impediment effects on the shear-strain induced GB relaxation, though the content of Fe or Ni atom (0.00165 at.%) is quite low in the GB model. The temperature cannot trigger GB relaxation independently within the considered temperature range, but play a positive role in the shear-strain induced structural relaxations of pure, Fe- and Ni-containing Cu Sigma 3 110(112) STGBs. Our work might gain new insights into the mechanically induced GB relaxation in nanocrystalline copper and could be beneficial for improving the stability of Cu GBs.

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