Designing graphene origami structures with a giant isotropic negative coefficient of thermal expansion

DT Ho and U Schwingenschlogl, EXTREME MECHANICS LETTERS, 47, 101357 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.eml.2021.101357

Materials with an isotropic negative coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of the order of -10(-3) K-1 are rare, and almost all of them are porous. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we show that graphene origami structures obtained by pattern-based hydrogenation can exhibit a negative CTE. The magnitude and anisotropy of the CTE can be controlled by parameters of the pattern-based hydrogenation that determine the stiffness and Poisson ratio, respectively. We achieve an isotropic CTE of -20.7 x 10(-3) K-1, which is an enhancement by three orders of magnitude as compared to reports for other graphene-based structures and comes close to the record of all known materials. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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