Study on durability of novel core-shell-structured La0.8Sr0.2Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta@Gd0.2Ce0.8O1.9 composite materials for solid oxide fuel cell cathodes

D Li and XB Zhang and CY Liang and YM Jin and MY Fu and JL Yuan and YP Xiong, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 46, 28221-28231 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.06.031

Core-shell-structured La0.8Sr0.2Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta@Gd0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (LSCF@GDC) composite materials are synthesized and sintered as the SOFC cathodes by screen-printing method. The durability of core-shell- structured LSCF@GDC composite cathodes are evaluated through constant current polarizations (CCP) process at 750 degrees C and the results indicate that the core-shell-structured LSCF@GDC composite cathode (nanorod, 0.6) possesses an excellent long-term stability. In addition, molecular dynamics (MD) model is developed and applied to simulate the interaction between LSCF and GDC particles. According to the simulation results, compressive stress is generated at the cathode-electrolyte interface by the coated GDC layer. Combining with the X-ray diffraction (XRD) refinement results, it's revealed that the lattice strains are introduced in LSCF lattices because of the compressive stress. Furthermore, XPS results show that the core-shell-structured LSCF@GDC composite cathode (nanorod, 0.6) possess a better inhibition ability for Sr surface segregation. This study provides a possible way to suppress Sr surface segregation. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.

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