Temperature- and Defect-Induced Uniaxial Tensile Mechanical Behaviors and the Fracture Mechanism of Two-Dimensional Silicon Germanide

ASMJ Islam and MS Akbar and MS Islam and J Park, ACS OMEGA, 6, 21861-21871 (2021).

DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c01691

Recently, monolayer silicon germanide (SiGe), a newly explored buckled honeycomb configuration of silicon and germanium, is predicted to be a promising nanomaterial for next-generation nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) due to its intriguing electronic, optical, and piezoelectric properties. In the NEMS applications, the structure is subjected to uniaxial tensile mechanical loading, and the investigation of the mechanical behaviors is of fundamental importance to ensure structural stability. Here, we systematically explored the uniaxial tensile mechanical properties of 2D-SiGe through molecular dynamics simulations. The effects of temperature ranges from 300 to 1000 K and vacancy defects, for instance, point and bi vacancy, for both armchair and zigzag orientations of 2D-SiGe were investigated. In addition, the influence of system areas and strain rates on the stress-strain performance of 2D-SiGe has also been studied. With the increase in temperature and vacancy concentration, the mechanical properties of 2D- SiGe show decreasing behavior for both orientations and the armchair chirality shows superior mechanical strength to the zigzag direction due to its bonding characteristics. A phase transformation-induced second linearly elastic region was observed at large deformation strain, leading to an anomalous stress-strain behavior in the zigzag direction. At 300 K temperature, we obtained a fracture stress of similar to 94.83 GPa and an elastic modulus of similar to 388.7 GPa along the armchair direction, which are about similar to 3.17 and similar to 2.83% higher than the zigzag-oriented fracture strength and elastic modulus. Moreover, because of the strong regularity interruption effect, the point vacancy shows the largest decrease in fracture strength, elastic modulus, and fracture strain compared to the bi vacancy defects for both armchair and zigzag orientations. Area and strain rate investigations reveal that 2D-SiGe is less susceptible to the system area and strain rate. These findings provide a deep insight into controlling the tensile mechanical behavior of 2D-SiGe for its applications in next-generation NEMS and nanodevices.

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