Frictional characteristics of graphene layers with embedded nanopores

MJ Tong and Y Jiang and LY Wang and CY Wang and C Tang, NANOTECHNOLOGY, 32, 345701 (2021).

DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/ac002b

Graphite possessing extraordinary frictional properties has been widely used as solid lubricants. Interesting frictional characteristics have been observed for pristine graphene layers, for defective graphene, the frictional signal shows richer behaviors such as those found in topological defective graphene and graphene step edges. Recently discovered nanoporous graphene represents a new category of defect in graphene and its impact on graphene frictional properties has not yet been explored. In this work, we perform molecular dynamics simulations on the frictional responses of nanoporous graphene layers when slid using a silicon tip. We show that the buried nanopore raises maximum friction signal amplitude while preserving the stick-slip character, the size of the nanopore plays a key role in determining the maximum frictional force. Negative friction is observed when the silicon tip scanned towards the center of the nanopore, this phenomenon originates from the asymmetrical variation of the in-plane strain and the out-of- plane deformation when indented by the silicon tip. Moreover, the layer dependent frictional character is examined for the buried graphene nanopores, showing that increasing graphene layers weakens the effect of nanopore on the frictional signal.

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