Comprehensive approach to determination of space proton-induced displacement defects in silica optical fiber
N Eydi and SAH Feghhi and H Jafari, NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 502, 95-101 (2021).
Silica-based optical fibers presents a variety of applications used in radiation environments such as space, fusion facilities, accelerators and nuclear power plants. The radiation-induced displacement damage in optical fibers resulting in point defects may lead to attenuation signals that is a major concern for these applications. The present study proposes a computational approach to the calculation of the proton-induced displacement damage in vitreous silica. Therefore, Geant4 as a Monte Carlo particle transport code has been used to obtain the knockon atom distributions caused by the interaction of space trapped proton with vitreous silica during an ISS mission. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations using ReaxFF potential have been performed to produce the initial vitreous silica structure to evaluate the displacement damage cascades by LAMMPS package. The results show that ReaxFF has an appropriate potential to produce and evaluate the vitreous silica structure that provides better agreement with experimental data at both short-range and medium-range order. Furthermore, ODC(Si3) and NBOHC(O1) are dominant defect species created in the vitreous silica after trapped proton irradiation, where the total number of defects have increased on average by 94 for each keV increasing in PKA energy approximately.
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