GPU acceleration of DEMO particle exhaust simulations
S Varoutis and C Tantos and C Day, PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION, 63, 104001 (2021).
In this work we present an implementation of accelerating the calculation of neutral gas flow in a single-null DEMO divertor configuration on a graphics processing unit (GPU), using the DIVGAS (divertor gas simulator) code. For comparison purposes, various types of GPUs will be used, which include pure GPUs for scientific calculations as well as GPUs for gaming purposes. The computation accuracy of the DIVGAS code on GPUs has been validated with the corresponding CPU-based benchmark case. To evaluate the performance gains, the computing time on each GPU against its sequential CPU counterpart has been compared. The measured speedups show that the GPU can accelerate the execution of the DIVGAS code by a factor of 60. The speedup of the DIVGAS code scales linearly with the corresponding double precision peak performance of the GPU as well as the GPU memory bandwidth. The parallelization approach presented here significantly reduces the cost of DIVGAS simulations and has the potential to scale to large CPU/GPU clusters, which could enable future applications, which focus on even more complex 3D neutral flow problems. The accelerated version of the DIVGAS code on GPUs is considered to be a major breakthrough in the reduction of the needed computational time for fusion related applications.
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