Molecular dynamics simulations of the formation and evolution of hydrogen pores during laser powder bed fusion manufacturing

YH Chen and HQ Qi and H Li and SN Shen and YQ Yang and CH Song, MRS COMMUNICATIONS, 11, 590-595 (2021).

DOI: 10.1557/s43579-021-00079-z

Pores in the AlSi10Mg products fabricated by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) decrease the density of components. To study the mechanism of the formation and evolution of hydrogen pores, a model based on molecular dynamics (MD) is built. The influence of initial hydrogen content, heating time, and cooling time on the porosity is analyzed. Low initial hydrogen content, long cooling time, and appropriate heating time are beneficial to decrease the porosity of LPBF-fabricated products. When the heating time is 40 ps, the cooling time is 200 ps and initial hydrogen content is 0.081%; porosity can be reduced to 3.01%.

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