Simulation and analysis of slip flow of water at hydrophobic silica surfaces of nanometer slit pores
JQ Jin and P Asai and XM Wang and JD Miller and M Deo, COLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS, 626, 127032 (2021).
Water flow in nanopores is controlled fundamentally by pore wettability and interfacial water features. In the research herein reported, Molecular dynamics (MD) was used to simulate water flow in nanometer slit pores of silica surfaces with variable wetting characteristics. Compared to Couette flow, the simulated slit-pores of the talc (001) and octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) monolayer surfaces exhibited water flow enhancement and a positive slip length at the interface, whereas water flow velocity at the quartz (001) and amorphous silica surfaces was zero, adhering to the no slip condition. More intensive interactions between the interfacial water and hydrophilic silica surfaces were confirmed by MD simulation and sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy (SFVS) results. A water exclusion zone of approximately 3 angstrom was found at the hydrophobic silica surfaces by quantitative MD interfacial water analysis and validated by SFVS. This exclusion zone dimension was similar in magnitude to the slip length (4-5 angstrom) as determined from simulated water flow in hydrophobic silica slit pores. The simulated slip lengths at the hydrophobic surfaces (0.2-1 nm) were significantly less than the experimental slip lengths (>40 nm) reported in the literature. In the case of the experimental results, this difference appears to be due to nanobubbles expected to be present at hydrophobic surfaces.
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