Head-on Collision of Two Nanodroplets on a Solid Surface: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study
P Mao and S Gao and W Liu and ZC Liu, LANGMUIR, 37, 12346-12355 (2021).
Most researchers focus on the collision of a single droplet with a solid surface, while it is common for a droplet to collide with a sessile droplet on a solid surface in reality. This study performed the head-on collision of two nanodroplets on a solid surface using the molecular dynamics simulation method. The effects of impact velocity, interaction intensity between solid and liquid atoms, and the solid fraction of the surface on the collision process are studied with independent simulation cases. The maximum spreading factor and the dimensionless maximum spreading time are recorded and calculated to describe the collision process quantitatively. The simulation results indicate that the maximum spreading factor depends more on the solid fraction than the interaction intensity since it does not fundamentally change the wetting state of the droplet at its maximum spreading state. Because of two different effects, the maximum dimensionless spreading time decreases first and then increases with the interaction intensity, and both effects weaken with the increase of impact velocity. As the solid fraction increases, the maximum spreading factor increases significantly at high impact velocity, and the maximum dimensionless spreading time first decreases and then increases because the wetting state of the coalescent droplet at the maximum spreading moment gradually changes from the Wenzel state to the Cassie state. In general, the initial wetting state of the sessile droplet and the wetting state of the coalescent droplet at the maximum spreading moment have important effects on the maximum spreading factor and the maximum spreading time. We establish a theoretical prediction model for the maximum spreading factor on a smooth surface based on energy conservation with quite good accuracy. This research has improved our understanding of the head-on collision process of two nanodroplets on a solid surface.
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