**Molecular dynamics lattice gas equilibrium distribution function for
Lennard-Jones particles**

A Pachalieva and AJ Wagner, PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY A-MATHEMATICAL PHYSICAL AND ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 379, 20200404 (2021).

DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2020.0404

The molecular dynamics lattice gas (MDLG) method maps a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation onto a lattice gas using a coarse-graining procedure. This is a novel fundamental approach to derive the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) by taking a Boltzmann average over the MDLG. A key property of the LBM is the equilibrium distribution function, which was originally derived by assuming that the particle displacements in the MD simulation are Boltzmann distributed. However, we recently discovered that a single Gaussian distribution function is not sufficient to describe the particle displacements in a broad transition regime between free particles and particles undergoing many collisions in one time step. In a recent publication, we proposed a Poisson weighted sum of Gaussians which shows better agreement with the MD data. We derive a lattice Boltzmann equilibrium distribution function from the Poisson weighted sum of Gaussians model and compare it to a measured equilibrium distribution function from MD data and to an analytical approximation of the equilibrium distribution function from a single Gaussian probability distribution function. This article is part of the theme issue 'Progress in mesoscale methods for fluid dynamics simulation'.

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