Pseudoelastic deformation in Mo-based refractory multi-principal element alloys

A Sharma and P Singh and T Kirk and VI Levitas and PK Liaw and G Balasubramanian and R Arroyave and DD Johnson, ACTA MATERIALIA, 220, 117299 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2021.117299

Phase diagrams supported by density functional theory methods can be crucial for designing high entropy alloys that are subset of multi- principal-element alloys. We present phase and property analysis of quinary (MoW)(x)Zr-y(TaTi)(1-x-y) refractory high-entropy alloys from combined Calculation of Phase Diagram (CALPHAD) and density-functional theory results, supplemented by molecular dynamics simulations. Both CALPHAD and density-functional theory analysis of phase stability indicates a Mo-W-rich region of this quinary has a stable single-phase body-centered-cubic structure. We report first quinary composition from Mo-W-Ta-Ti-Zr family of alloy with pseudo-elastic behavior, i.e., hysteresis in stress-strain. Our analysis shows that only Mo-W-rich compositions of Mo-W-Ta-Ti-Zr, i.e., Mo + W >= 85 at. % , show reproducible hysteresis in stress-strain responsible for pseudo-elastic behavior. The (MoW)(85)Zr-7.5(TaTi)(7.5) was down-selected based on temperature-dependent phase diagram analysis and molecular dynamics simulations predicted elastic behavior that reveals twinning-assisted pseudoelastic behavior. While mostly unexplored in body-centered-cubic crystals, twinning is a fundamental deformation mechanism that competes against dislocation slip in crystalline solids. This alloy shows identical cyclic deformation characteristics during uniaxial < 100 > loading, i.e., the pseudoelasticity is isotropic in loading direction. Additionally, a temperature increase from 77 to 1,500 K enhances the elastic strain recovery in load-unload cycles, offering possibly control to tune the pseudoelastic behavior. (C) 2021 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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