Quantitatively predicting modal thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline Si by full-band Monte Carlo simulations
LN Yang and Y Jiang and YG Zhou, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 104, 195303 (2021).
Thermal transport in nanocrystalline Si is of great importance for many advanced applications. A better understanding of the modal thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline Si will be expected. In this work, the efficient variance reduced Monte Carlo simulation with full band phonon dispersion is applied to study the modal thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline Si. Importantly, the phonon modal transmissions across the grain boundaries which are modeled by the amorphous Si interface are calculated by the mode-resolved atomistic Green's function method. The predicted ratios of thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline Si to that of bulk Si agree well with that of the experimental measurements in a wide range of grain size. The ratio of thermal conductivity of nanocrystalline Si is decreased from 54% to 3% and the contribution of phonons with mean free path larger than the grain size increases from 30% to 96% as the grain size decreases from 550 to 10 nm. This work demonstrates that the full band Monte Carlo simulation using phonon modal transmission by the mode-resolved atomistic Green's function method can effectively capture the phonon transport picture in complex nanostructures, and therefore can provide guidance for designing Si based devices with better performance.
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