Comparison of interatomic potentials on crack propagation properties in bcc iron

H Ji and Y Wang and J Yin and HY Hou and WS Lai and JN Mei and F Xue and BX Liu and JB Liu, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSELS AND PIPING, 194, 104524 (2021).

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2021.104524

Atomistic simulations with interatomic potentials can provide insights into the cracking and failure of structural ferritic steels. Unfortunately, the evaluation of the simulation results often suffers from the uncertainties due to the quality and behavior of the employed interatomic potential. In this work, the molecular dynamics (MD) method has been used to simulate and to analyze the deformation and propagation of crack tips in alpha-iron. The influence of different types of potentials that we adopt on the crack propagation simulation is discussed. State of art M07, M20, and B20 potentials are considered. Overall, the microscopic deformation mechanism by the MD simulation with different types of potentials are similar, which dislocations are emitted from the crack tip, and twinning or martensite transformation happen. However, with a careful contradistinction, different mechanical responses are investigated. The relationship between the cracking mechanism and the intrinsic properties of a-iron, such as stacking fault energies, has also been discussed.

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