Sintering enhances turn-over frequency of nanoparticles: A case study of FexCy catalyst using reactive MD simulations
K Lu and D Luo and YR He and CF Huo and YW Zhou and WP Guo and Q Peng and Y Yang and YW Li and XD Wen, APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 570, 151018 (2021).
The sintering of nanostructured catalysts poses a grand challenge in understanding the complex mechanism in the experimental phenomena, as well as the structure-activity relationship. Here, we systematically investigate the structure-activity relationship of sintered Fe-based catalysts, including Fe2C, Fe5C2 , Fe3C and pure Fe, in the CO activation by reactive molecular dynamics simulations. The results show that the sintering structures can promote the turn-over frequency of Fe3C compared with its un-sintered near-size structures, which might be attributed to the formation of low-coordination-number atoms. The change of surface area shows a similar trend for FexCy and pure Fe, and its increased magnitude varies with the content of carbon in the FexCy bulk. For size effect, the Fe2C displays the largest turn-over frequency for the 4.34 nm particle. The CO2 formation mechanism has also been compared for different FexCy , which may provide critical theoretical insights for industrial reduction of CO2 emission.
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