Renormalization of excitonic properties by polar phonons
Y Park and DT Limmer, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 157, 104116 (2022).
We employ quasiparticle path integral molecular dynamics to study how the excitonic properties of model semiconductors are altered by electron-phonon coupling. We describe ways within a path integral representation of the system to evaluate the renormalized mass, binding energy, and radiative recombination rate of excitons in the presence of a fluctuating lattice. To illustrate this approach, we consider Frohlich-type electron-phonon interactions and employ an imaginary time influence functional to incorporate phonon-induced effects nonperturbatively. The effective mass and binding energies are compared with perturbative and variational approaches, which provide qualitatively consistent trends. We evaluate electron-hole recombination rates as mediated through both trap-assisted and bimolecular processes, developing a consistent statistical mechanical approach valid in the reaction limited regime. These calculations demonstrate how phonons screen electron-hole interactions, generically reducing exciton binding energies and increasing their radiative lifetimes. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing
Return to Publications page