Solid-gas interface thermal conductance for the thermal barrier coating with surface roughness: The confinement effect
X Zhao and JW Jiang, CHINESE PHYSICS B, 31, 126802 (2022).
The yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is a famous thermal barrier coating material to protect hot-end components of an engine. As a characteristic feature of the YSZ, the surface roughness shall play an important role in the interface thermal conductance between the YSZ and gas, considering that the gas is typically at an extremely high temperature. We investigate the effect of the surface roughness on the thermal conductance of the YSZ-gas interface with surface roughness described by nanoscale pores on the surface of the YSZ. We reveal two competitive mechanisms related to the microstructure of the pore, i.e., the actual contact area effect and the confinement effect. The increase of the pore depth will enlarge the actual contact area between the YSZ and gas, leading to enhancement of the solid-gas interface thermal conductance. In contrast to the positive actual contact area effect, the geometry- induced confinement effect greatly reduces the interface thermal conductance. These findings shall offer some fundamental understandings for the microscopic mechanisms of the YSZ-gas interface thermal conductance.
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